Diamonds represent one of the most easily recognizable and most treasured gems in the world. While a typical 1-2 carat diamond can be used in such jewelry as engagement rings, necklaces, and earrings, these comparatively small diamonds fall far short in size and renown of several of the most prized diamonds. Indeed, below are the histories and background information for five of the world’s most famous diamonds.
The Cullinan Diamond
One of the most famous diamonds in the world is the Cullinan diamond. This white diamond was discovered in 1905 in the country of South Africa. Since the entire Cullinan diamond is 3,106.75 carats in size, it is known as the largest rough gem-quality diamond in the world. After its discovery, it was subsequently cut into nine smaller diamonds, the largest of which is now known as the Great Star of Africa.
The Hope Diamond
Another of the world’s most renowned diamonds is known today as the Hope diamond. Perhaps one of the most widely recognized gems in the world, the Hope diamond, which was discovered in India, is 45.52 carats in size. With an antique cushion-cut, this dazzling blue diamond is currently on exhibition as part of the Smithsonian collection in the Museum of Natural History located in Washington, D.C.
The Centenary Diamond
The Centenary diamond, which was discovered in 1896 in South Africa, is deemed by many experts to be one of the most exceptional diamonds in the world. The Centenary diamond is considered to be flawless both inside and outside the diamond itself. This stunning diamond, which is 273.85 carats in size, received the color grade D, the highest grade that a colorless diamond can achieve.
The Regent Diamond
Another one of the most famous diamonds in the world is the Regent diamond. The cushion-cut Regent diamond is 140.64 carats in size. This white with pale blue diamond was also discovered in India in 1698. While this diamond was initially discovered by a slave, it eventually became the property of English merchant Thomas Pitt. The Regent diamond, which was previously placed in the crown of Louis XV of France, is now housed at the French Royal Treasury at the Louvre.
The Koh-i-Noor Diamond
The Koh-i-Noor diamond, whose Persian-derived name means “mountain of light,” was discovered in India. This finest white diamond is an impressive 104.602 carats in size. During the years of the British Empire’s rule of India, the cushion-cut Koh-i-Noor diamond was seized from its Indian home and subsequently placed in the crown of Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother, where it remains to this day.